The Zika virus, previously known to be a mosquito-transmitted infection, has been transmitted sexually within the United States. The virus is now present in bodily fluids other than blood to include saliva and urine. The Zika virus has been linked to microcephaly (newborns with unusually small heads and possible brain damage). Men who have traveled to area where the virus is actively transmitted should abstain from sex with pregnant partners or should use a condom to prevent the spread of the virus.
Precautions include the following:
- Pregnant women should avoid travel to area where the Zika virus if actively transmitted (see the CDC’s website for more information)
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants
- Stay in places with air conditioning or that use window and door screens
- Sleep under a mosquito bed net
- Use EPA registered insect repellents with at least 20% DEET
- Treat clothing and gear with permethrin or purchase permethrin-treated items
- Men who have traveled to areas where the virus is actively transmitted should abstain from sex with pregnant partners or should use a condom to prevent the spread of the virus
For more information about the Zika virus visit the CDC website.